DISEASES IN POULTRY
If you are a poultry owner, you should know the diseases of chickens (poultry such as geese, ducks, caged birds etc.) very well. However, there is a voice in every head and everyone makes a diagnosis according to their own head and recommend treatment. We even have difficulties in administering medication and treatment without performing autopsy internal examination or seeing it. The diagnosis and treatment of poultry diseases requires expertise. In addition, it endangers the public health by recommending and using antibiotics as soon as possible.
CLEANING + CAREFUL + VACCINE
These three are indispensable for those who start this business. Because every disease manifests itself with loss and low productivity. In this article, I would like to raise some awareness of our poultry and cage animal owners.
We examine poultry diseases in two groups:
1. INFECTIOUS DISEASES DUE TO MICRO ORGANISMS:
When they find a suitable environment for them, they spread quickly and easily, causing epidemics and causing great economic losses.
We examine them in 4 groups.
WINGED TYPHOID: They are the infections caused by the Salmonella group.
PULLORUM DİSEASE: It is the agent of Salmonella Pullorum. It is mostly seen in chicks. Green diarrhea, fever, drooping of the wings, swollen feathers, drinking too much water, wilting in combs, decreased yield, loss of appetite, and death.
FOWL TYPHOIT (Chicken Typhoid): It is the agent of Salmonella Pullorum. Yellow, green diarrhea, bruising of combs and beards, raised feathers, drinking too much water, fever and death.
PARATYPHOİD İNFECTİON (Para Tifo): Its agents are Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonnella Derby. Fondness, limp, tremors, diarrhea, loss of appetite, vim drop, and death.
KOLIBACILLOSIS (Coli Infections): The factor is Esheria Colin. Edema in the leg joints, drinking too much water, bruising in the comb and beard, stagnation, loss of appetite, green diarrhea.
FOW CHOLERA (Chicken Typhoid): Pastorella Multocida is the cause. Runny nose, balance disorder, edema in leg joints - combs - joints, tremors, decreased efficiency, loss of appetite
INFECTIOUS CORYZA : Its agent is Heamophilus Paragallinarum. Swelling of the face, diarrhea, inflammation of the eyes, cough, difficulty breathing, edema in the beard, weakness
CRD (Chronic Respiratory System Infection): Its agent is M. Galisepticum. Wheezing, difficulty in breathing, discharge, loss of efficiency, weakening and death.
MYYCOPLASMA SYNOVİAE (Infectious Synovitis): Stagnation, lameness, edema in the leg and wing joints
STAPHYLOCOCCOSİS (Staphylococcal Infections): Its agent is Staphylococus Aureus. Stagnation and lameness are seen.
ARTRITIS, SNOVIDIS, SPONDILITIS ŞEKLİ: Fever, edema and inflammation in tendons and leg joints,
TABAN VE STERNUM SPONDILITIS ŞEKLİ: Wounds in the soles of the feet and gangrene in the skin of the feet, gangrene in the skin of the wings, abscess in the sternum.
STRETTOCOCCOSIS (Streptococcal Infections): Its effect is Streptococcus Faecalis and Streptococcus Zooepidemicus. Drowsiness, combs - pallor of beards, blood on head area, green stool, misshapen egg, fever, anorexia, yellowish mouth discharge.
LISTERIOZIS: Etkeni Listeriosiz monocytogenes'dir. Fondness, torticollis, diarrhea
NECROTIC ENTERITIS: Its agent is Colostidium Perfringens type C. Dark and bloody stools, weakness and loss of appetite.
ULCERATIVE ENTERITIS: Its agent is Colostridium Colinum. Weakness, diarrhea, fluff and death
2. VIRAL DISEASES:
NEWCASTLE (The Lying Plague): It is caused by the Newcastle virus. Fast, wheezing, difficult breathing, bruising in comb and beard, green and bloody diarrhea, paralysis of wings and legs, decrease in efficiency
AVIAN INFLUENZA (Plague): Its agent is Influenza A virus. Inflammation and edema in the eyes, beards and combs, bruising in the crests, edema in the glottis, nasal discharge, diarrhea, balance disorder, decreased efficiency, weakness, loss of appetite
INFECTIOUS BRONCHITIS (Infectious Bronchitis): The causative agent is the virus on its name. Unshelled or lumpy eggs, egg white watery, decrease in yield, nasal discharge, watery eyes, swelling of the face, stagnation,
AVIAN ENCEPHALOMIYELITIS EPİDEMIC TREMOR: It is caused by Avian Encephalomyelitis. Cataracts in the eyes, imbalance, tremor, decreased efficiency
INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE ( Gumbaro IBD.): Its causative agent is the infectious Bursal Diseas virus. Green diarrhea, loss of appetite, chills, drinking too much water, fever, loss of appetite, decreased productivity.
MALABSORPTION SYNDROMU (Helicopter Disease, Reovirus Infections): It is an RNA virus infection. Rickets, discoloration and ossification in the beak, diarrhea, hair inversion, delayed hair growth, discoloration and ossification in the feet, weakening, lameness, edema in the leg joints
FOWL-POX (Fowl-pox and Diphtheria): Its agent is Borreliota Avium in Chickens, Borreliota meleagridis in Turkeys and Borreliota Columbae in Pigeons. Fowl-pox lesions "head, beak, around eyes, crest, beard, skin"; stuffy nose, closed eyes
MAREK'S DISEASE (Marek): DNA virus Infection. Its agent is chicken herpes virus THV and turkey herpes virus HHV. Paleness in the combs and beards, paralysis of the wings and legs, torticollis, inward bending of the fingers, gray color in the iris, blindness, weakness, stagnation, loss of appetite
EGG DROP SYNDREMU: DNA virus Infection. Its agent is the EDS-76 virus. Decrease in yield, loss of color if the egg is brown, eggs without shell and lumpy, egg white is watery, loss of appetite and stagnation
3. FUNGAL INFECTIONS:
ASPERGILLOSIS: Its causative agent is Aspergillosis fumigatus. Wheezing, loss of appetite, stagnation, nasal discharge, cough, torticollis, eye inflammation and discharge, corneal ulcer and blindness
MONILIASIS (Candida Albicans)
MYCOTOXICOSIS (Toxia secreted by Aspergillus Fkavus and Aspergillus Parasiticus)
4. PARASITIC DISEASES:
COCCIDIOSIS: The causative agent is the parasite of the same name. Dirty, dirty stool with feces around the cloaca, poor quality of feathers, pallor of comb and beard, paralysis of legs and wings, weakening, low productivity and death
DERMANYSSUS GALLINAE (Red Mites) : They are external parasites; anemia, low productivity, and death
LICES: It is an external parasite; itching, decay, low productivity, skin damage and death.
TICKS: It is an external parasite and weakness, anemia, skin wounds, secondary infections, decrease in productivity and regression in growth.
FLEAS: It is an external parasite, weakness, anemia, decrease in productivity and retardation in growth
ASKARIOSIS: It is an internal parasitic infection; Its agent is Ascaridia Galli. Irregularity in feathers, stagnation in growth, extreme weakening, diarrhea, anemia, stagnation, decrease in efficiency
HETERAKIOAZİS (Heterakis Galinae): Internal parasitic pinworm infection. Brown diarrhea, excessive weight loss, weakness, stagnation in growth, decreased efficiency
HİSTOMONIAZIS (Histomonas meleagridis): It is an internal parasitic protozoan infection. Fall in the wings and head, irregularity in feathers, green diarrhea, weakness and death.
2. NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES FROM MICROORGANISM:
CANNIBALISM (Plucking and Pecking)
FATTY LIVER SYNDROME (Fatty Liver Syndrome)
VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES OF A, D, E, K,
VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES OF B1, B2, B6, B12
PANTOTENIC ACID DEFICIENCY
FOLIC ACID DEFICIENCY
DISORDERS DUE TO MINERALS
BOTIUSMUS AUTOINTOXICATION, SULPHONAMIDE POISONING, COPPER SULPHATE (Eye Stone) POISONING, SODIUM BICARBONATE (Cooking Soda) POISONING, MERCURY COMPOUNDS, SALT POISONING, CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING, FORMALDEHYD POISONING, LEAD POISONING, PHOSPHORUS POISONING, ARSENIC AND ZINC POISONING
4. HERITAL DISEASES